Difference of Thiyyars and Ezhavas
It is evident that Thiyyars are an exclusive ethnic group;this fact is confirmed by migration patterns and genetic studies.Thiyyars from North Malabar and other parts of Kerala should be recognized as a separate ethnic group and not included with Ezhavas ,who are from an entirely different ethnic group.
Some intensed individuals found Thiyyars and Ezhavas are the same caste. It is totally untrue.
The distinguishing ethnic, social, cultural, spiritual and physical features of Thiyyars and Ezhavas are follows:-
- 1) Ancestors of Thiyyars and Ezhavas are separate .Thiyyars migrated from Central Asia through the Caucasus region . Ezhavas reached India through Coastal migration.
- 2) Thiyyars belong to Haplogroup L , Indo-Aryans . Ezhavas are in Haplogroup C, Dravidians.
- 3) Thiyyars have Mediterranean body structure .Ezhavas have Srilankan physique.
- 4) Thiyyars are tall and mostly fair in complexion belonging to caucasoid group , Indo-Aryans.Ezhavas are short and darker in complexion and are of the Australoid group, The Dravidians.
- 5) Thiyyars have distinct Aryan customs , whereas Ezhavas follows Dravidian customs
- 6) Thiyyars are from North Kerala and Ezhavas are from South Kerala; these regions are about 400 km apart. In Indian Government records , Thiyyas are registered as separate ethnic group.
- 7) Thiyyars speak malayalam, which has more sanskrit words, whereas Ezhavas speak malayalam, which has more tamil words.
- 8) Thiyyars were followers of matriarchy until laws are flexible ,Ezhavas followed patriarchy right from the beginning.
- 9) Thiyyars don't accept nor give dowry . Thiyyars look down upon any caste or people who accept or give dowry.Ezhavas give and accept dowry. Dowry is the main topic of Ezhava negotiation.
- 10) Thiyyars are having eight clans (illams).Marriage between a boy and girl of the same Illam is prohibited and it is still strictly followed in Northern parts of North Malabar.Ezhavas do not have such Illams.Thiyyars usually will not accept Ezhavas marriage proposals also.
- 11) Rights and rituals of a Thiyyars and Ezhavas dissimilar on death ,birth and marriage etc .
Thacholi Othenan was born from the womb of a Thiyya lady named Akkamma Uppatti,a member of old Martial arts Thiyyar Tharavadu of Chekavar near Vadakara.Thacholi Tharavadu and Thiyya Tharavadu of Chekavar,had connection through matrimonial relations.Two of Othenan's wives were Thiyya.The name Kurupu was bestowed up on him.(Chekavar is not a title ,but a surname derived from Sevokar of Rajasthan during the great migration of Thiyyars before the turn of millennium.)
Another well known Thiyya legend concerns Wayanattu Kulavan,He lived in the slopes of Wyanad and was a popular Thiyya leader. He commanded large areas of agricultural land. He was an expert in martial arts and archery. He owned agricultural lands in the plains. He was a kind and generous leader. His feats and skills are serenaded in the Ballad of North Malabar and in Theyyam dance. Sangam Literature mention about a great warrior Chekavar Andavan (Andavan=God) who saved his class from external invasion.Muthappan, deity worshipped throughout North Malabar was actually that great warrior. British India also pave great respect and worshipped him. We can see 20 Railway Muthappan temples dotted along 307km long Shornnur- Mangalore stretch.
"Gurukkanmar Kavu" in Mavilayi Village ,Peralasseri Panchayth belongs to Thiyyar community.The Komarams of "Gurukkanmar Kavu" , were able to conduct Sarpa Pooja (Sarpa Bali) to get rid of any kind of Sarpa dosha, known as the most dangerous Dosha in Hinduisam. Even Brahmins have lot of limitation in this area. Brahmins of "Pambamme Kavu" have maximum 50-60% ability to get rid of sarpa dosha but not complete. It shows Thiyyars had a higher level spiritual power, which is better than that of Brahmins.
dosha, known as the most dangerous Dosha in Hinduisam. Even Brahmins have lot of limitation in this area. Brahmins of "Pambamme Kavu" have maximum 50-60% ability to get rid of sarpa dosha but not complete. It shows Thiyyars had a higher level spiritual power, which is better than that of Brahmins.